Being a small hamlet, Middlesbrough is located on south bank of river Tees. The history of Middlesbrough dates back to the 19th century. It was a time when Middlesbrough has transformed itself into a key centre for coal port and ironworks. Since its historical years, it has been recognized for its chemical plants, fabrication yards, steelworks and shipbuilding.
Till year 1829, Middlesbrough had only around 40 inhabitants. But things started changing drastically after an expansion of Stockton and Darlington Railway took place. From the period of 1860 to 1870, the heavy expansion of steel and iron industry in Middlesbrough has stimulated the growth of town. This was the phase when a population of Middlesbrough has witnessed sudden rise from 19,000 to 40,000. During this period, some of the famous local companies of town have found out ironstone deposits in different parts of Middlesbrough. This has triggered a strong industrial development within overnight and many people have started shifting from nearby towns to Middlesbrough in search for employment.
The town has witnessed several historical sites being established in the period of 19th century. In year 1968, Albert Park has started while North Riding Infirmary founded in late 1864. During 1883, the base of the Town Hall was instituted, while Middlesbrough Town was constructed in the period of 1837 to 1911. In year 1911, the Cleveland Bridge and Engineering Company constructed the highly reputed Teesside Bridge which is also referred a Transporter Bridge.
During the period of First World War, the steel and iron industry in Middlesbrough has shown strong industrial growth and the industry of locksmith in Middlesbrough become known as well. (Please add this sentence) After Second World War, the industry started working at its full capacity. And this is the time when many public as well as private council houses were set up in the town. During this phase, small as well as big businesses started purchasing plots and premises in the town. Very soon blacksmiths, painters, builders, tailors, joiners, innkeepers, butchers, hawkers, dealers, merchants and shippers have also started moving in.
Middlesbrough is reputed as a first town in the UK to adopt the idea of installing CCTV inbuilt with loudspeakers. This thought has produced several positive repercussions as rate of public violence has dropped by sudden extent. Ultimately, other towns have also taken inspiration from it and they started following the similar idea of having CCTVs located in key area.
Middlesbrough has been featured in several TV programmes till today. In year 2008, it has been chosen as a site for Public Space Broadcasting project by BBC. For this purpose, a television screen of more than 25 sq m has been installed at the Centre Square.
The signature of some reputed companies of Middlesbrough has been engraved on the several historic landmarks and bridges across the world. The historic sites mainly include Bangkok Memorial Bridge, Tyne Bridge Newcastle, Sydney Harbour Bridge and many more. On the virtue of all this phenomenal work, Middlesbrough has earned a nickname of ‘Iron Town’.
Middlesbrough has observed lots of ups and downs which is quite obvious from its historical journey. There were several key elements that have contributed to the growth of Middlesbrough thereby leaving its mark at global level.
Directions from Tyne Tees Locks to Preston Park Museum
Head north-west on High St/A67 towards Silver St
A67 turns slightly right and becomes Yarm Rd/A135